Satellite Television Network

The functioning of the Satellite Television Network of the Republic of Kazakhstan (STN) includes receiving analog signals video and audio signals from studious, converting them into a single MPEG2 DigiCipherII standard, then multiplexing into one stream at a single carrier frequency and feeding them into a satellite transponder.
Due to the re-transmitting satellite beam oriented for the optimal coverage of the Kazakhstan territory small-size antennas could be used for the individual receive of TV & radio programs.
For the citizens of Akmolinskaya, Pavlodarskaya, Karagandinskaya, Kostanayskaya and Northern-Kazakhstan oblasts maximum diameter of the receiving antenna is 60 cm, for the people from other oblasts of Kazakhstan and bordering regions of Russia and Central Asia states - 90 cm.

Tuning parameters for digital receiver of MPEG2 DigiCipher II standard
to receive STN programs

Frequency of the received signal        11672 MHz
Polarization of the received signal       horizontal
Table number of the virtual channels             317

Channels numbers

Video output

Sound output

Left channel

Right channel

60 or 90

Kazakhstan-TV

Kazakhstan-TV

Kazakhstan-RV Radio

62 or 92

Khabar

Khabar

 

63 or 93

ORT Kazakhstan

ORT Kazakhstan

 

64 or 94

KTK

KTK

 

65 or 95

NTK

NTK

 

67 or 97

No

"Europa plus" Radio L

"Europa plus" Radio R


Notes:
  1. Channel numbers are set up depending on LNB used. If the support generator frequency of the LNB fLO=10,25 GHz, it is required to set 1422 in the L_Freq. field ManualTune menu and choose channels 60-67, and if fLO=10,0 GHz than it is required to set 1672 in the L_Freq. field ManualTune menu and choose channels 90-97.
  2. The meaning of the AudioMix field of Audio menu should be Dual Mono.

Guide to install satellite antenna
to receive STN programs

City of Kazakhstan

Azimut, degree

Elevation angle of receiving antenna (of horizon), degree

Aktau

171,7

39,3

Aktube

180,2

32,4

Almaty

207,3

36,4

Astana

198,2

29,9

Atyrau

173,1

35,6

Zhezkazgan

194,3

34,1

Karaganda

200,7

30,0

Kokshetau

195,4

28,1

Kostanai

188,3

28,9

Kzyl-Orda

192,0

37,6

Pavlodar

204,6

27,4

Petropavlovsk

194,7

26,5

Semei

209,1

28,2

Taldykorgan

209,0

34,0

Ust-Kamenogorsk

212,0

27,8

Uralsk

172,8

31,1

Shymkent

198,4

39,5

If you didn't found your city in the above recommendations, please use parameters close to those given for the nearest city from the above list to tune your satellite antenna.

History of the Satellite Television Network in Kazakhstan

1995, September
The Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan has been submitted a Project of the Satellite Television Network and Data Network (STN and DN) as an alternative solution for the state TV and radio programs broadcast in Kazakhstan.
Upon adoption of Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Kazakhstan N 1284 dated September 26, 1995 began the work on construction of the single Managing Center for the integrated system of satellite television & radio broadcast and data transmission in Almaty.

1996
Kazakhstan and INTELSAT International Consortium have signed the Agreement on Liaison of "Intellsat-703" resource. By the end of the year this satellite has been put to the 57 degree East longitude orbital slot with the Ku-band beam optimally covering Kazakhstan territory.

1997
In March Katelco has concluded an Agreement with Kazteleradio RGKP on expansion of STN receiving stations within Kazakhstan. These stations included professional DSR-4400 digital receivers manufactured by General Instrument working in MPEG2 DigiCipher II standard.
On May 26
in presence of the President of Kazakhstan Central Transmitting and Receiving Station (CTRS) in Katelco Technical Center (Almaty) were ceremonially launched. Since this day the trial transmission of two TV channels - "Kazakhstan-1", "Khabar Agency" and two radio programs "Kazakhstan-1" and "Shalkar" has started via satellite channels.
On July 29
CTRS and ground receiving network have been put into commercial use with the transmission of "Kazakhstan-1", "Alatau", "Khabar Agency", "ORT-Kazakhstan" TV channels and "Kazakhstan-1", "Shalkar", "Khabar" "Europa plus Kazakhstan" radio programs.
Most of the components installed on the Central Receiving and Communication Station are manufactured by COMSAT RSI, General Instrument (digital TV signal processing unit).
Within a half-year transition period television and radio programs were transmitted over Kazakhstan territory by few ways: via Katelco CTRS both digital and analog (for Zharyk receiving network - broadcast of «Kazakhstan-1»), analog via radio relay lines ("Khabar Agency", "ORT-Kazakhstan", "Kazakhstan-1", "Alatau").
Over 800 STN digital receivers were installed on Radio & TV stations (RTVS) in 402 points around Kazakhstan by the end of year by Katelco partner - Kazteleradio RGKP.
On October 7
Katelco Transmitting and Receiving Station (TRS) has been launched in Astana to maintain the operative transmission of video/audio materials from Astana to Almaty for all interested studious.
At the end of December
one more commercial channel "NTK" subjoined the list of transmitted programs with the re-transmission in the cities of Kazakhstan.
On December 31
delivery of the television and radio programs via Kazakhtelecom radio relay lines has been stopped and Kazakhstan assigned to the 100% satellite broadcast of governmental TV& radio programs.

1998
The second stage of installation of STN digital receivers around Kazakhstan. Since August "KTK" commercial channel was launched with its further re-transmission in 18 largest cities of the republic.By the end of the year over 800 points of Kazakhstan were involved in governmental television and radio programs broadcasted via Katelco CTRS.
The number of people watching TV programs transmitted by STN increased significantly: "Kazkahstan-1" - from 68% in 1997 to 87%, "Khabar" - from 78,2% in 1997 to 83%, "ORT-Kazakhstan" - from 82,7% in 1997 to 85%.
Besides, less than 2% of people continue to watch "ORT" channel transmitted from Russian satellite "Horizont" and less than 10% of people are watching "Kazakhstan- 1" program transmitted by Katelco CTRS in analog.
Katelco has supplied the equipment required to receive Kazakhstan governmental programs to some embassies and missions of Kazakhstan abroad: Embassy in Baltic States (Vilnius), in Russia (Moscow), in Kyrgyzstan (Bishkek), in Uzbekistan (Tashkent), in Turkmenistan (Ashgabad) and the Consular Section in People's Republic of China (Urumchi).

1999
The equipping of the "Kazakhstan-1" receiving network with STN receivers continues. In reply to the requests of territorial executives where Kazakh people live (Astrakhanskaya oblast, Volodarsky region of Russia; Ulgii city in Bayan-Ulginskii district, Mongolia) digital equipment sets have been sent to adjust further re-transmission of Kazakhstan governmental TV channels.
On May 27
the analog telecast of "Kazakhstan-1" has been ceased and now all governmental television and radio programs are spread in digital only. Currently STN broadcasts the following TV channels: "Kazakhstan TV", "Khabar", "ORT-Kazakhstan", "NTK", "KTK" and radio programs as: "Kazakhstan RV" and "Europa plus Kazakhstan".

2000
Unique equipment practiced in Katelco satellite network believes some very attractive prospective projects on development of the satellite television in Kazakhstan.